What is Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery?
Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is surgery typically performed through small incisions, or operating ports, rather than large incisions, resulting in potentially shorter recovery times, fewer complications, reduced hospitalization costs and reduced trauma to the patient.
What are the benefits of robotic surgery compared with traditional methods of surgery?
Some of the major benefits of robotic surgery over traditional approaches include greater surgical precision, increased range of motion, improved dexterity, enhanced visualization and improved access. Benefits experienced by patients may include a shorter hospital stay, less pain, less risk of infection, less blood loss, fewer transfusions, less scarring, faster recovery and a quicker return to normal daily activities. None of these benefits can be guaranteed, as surgery is necessarily both patient- and procedure-specific.
Is robotic surgery covered by insurance?
Any insurance that covers minimally invasive surgery generally covers robotic surgery. This is true for widely held insurance plans like Medicare. It is important to note that your coverage will depend on your plan and benefits package.
Why do we need a new way to do minimally invasive surgery?
Despite the widespread use of minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery in today's hospitals, adoption of laparoscopic techniques, for the most part, has been limited to a few routine procedures. This is due mostly to the limited capabilities of traditional laparoscopic technology, including standard video and rigid instruments, which surgeons must rely on to operate through small incisions. In traditional open surgery, the physician makes a long incision and then widens it to access the anatomy. In traditional minimally invasive surgery – which is widely used for routine procedures – the surgeon operates using rigid, hand-operated instruments, which are passed through small incisions and views the anatomy on a standard video monitor. Neither this laparoscopic instrumentation nor the video monitor can provide the surgeon with the excellent visualization needed to perform complex surgery like valve repair or nerve-sparing prostatectomy.
Has the da Vinci Surgical System been cleared by the FDA?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared the da Vinci Surgical System for use in a wide range of procedures.
Will robotic surgery make the surgeon unnecessary?
Robotic surgery is designed to allow surgeons to operate with greater precision, visualization, dexterity and control. It advances their techniques and enhances their ability to perform complex minimally invasive surgery. The system translates the surgeon's hand movements in real time to its miniaturized instruments, while using motion scaling and tremor reduction to improve precision. The system can never be programmed to make decisions on its own or perform any surgical maneuvers without the surgeon's direct input via the console hand controls.